Underage drinking

True or False Questions – 2 points each

 

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  1. During the last half century, the public policy to reduce excessive drinking has largely neglected restricting availability and raising the price of alcohol.

 

 

 

  1. Congress adopted a national minimum drinking age of 21 in the hope of reducing the fatal accident rate for teen drivers.

 

 

 

  1. In the 1880’s, the Women’s Christian Temperance Union denounced alcohol itself as the problem, rather than the abuse of it.

 

 

 

  1. Dr. Edward Jellinek recognized the importance of social context in the development of alcoholism.

 

 

 

  1. Effective alcohol prevention programs address only the issues of those community members dependent on alcohol.

 

 

 

  1. Alcohol taxes have received far more attention by state legislatures than cigarette taxes.

 

 

 

  1. Over twice as many Americans drink as smoke.
  2. Prohibition was established by the 18th Amendment.

 

 

 

  1. According to the textbook, Prohibition was destined to failure as it attempted to legislate morality.

 

 

 

  1. The Volstead act banned all beverages containing more than 10% alcohol.

 

 

 

  1. By the late 1920’s, one million gallons of Canadian liquor made its way into the U.S. per year.

 

 

 

  1. The Women’s organization for National Prohibition Reform campaigned to strictly enforce Prohibition.

 

 

 

51.  The economist Warburton contends that the business, professional, and salaried class sustained their average pre-prohibition alcohol consumption levels throughout prohibition.

 

 

 

52.  Jellinek’s designation of alcoholism as a “disease” was a new idea.

 

 

 

53.  The AA tenet is that alcoholics are “allergic” to alcohol.

 

 

 

54.  The disease label may help to remove the stigma associated with alcoholism.

 

 

 

55.  Vaillant noted undergoing detoxification as a marker for those early on the continuum of alcohol related problems.

 

 

 

56.  The “flushing response” is common among some African populations.

 

 

 

57.  Biology is irrelevant to alcoholism.

 

 

 

58.  Inpatient treatment programs are the least costly form of alcoholism treatment.

 

 

 

59.  Cognitive behavioral therapy seeks to develop the patient’s coping skills.

 

 

 

60.  12-step facilitation identifies and disputes the patient’s irrational belief system.

 

 

 

61.  The drug disulfuran (Antabuse) has proven to be of major therapeutic benefit in curing alcoholism.

 

 

 

62.  3.4% of the adult public is currently dependent by DSM-V definition.

 

 

 

63.  Prevention of harmful drinking patterns and alcoholism prevention efforts are unimportant today.

 

 

 

64.  Beers are fermented from grains before the starch in them is converted to sugar.

 

 

 

65.  Distilled spirits contain between 40% and 50% alcohol.

 

 

 

66.  A standard drink of beer (12oz.), wine (5 oz.), or distilled spirits (1.5oz.) provides the same dose of alcohol.

 

 

 

67.  Surveys tend to overestimate alcohol consumption by a wide margin.

 

 

 

68.  The heaviest drinkers account for the bulk of alcohol consumption.

 

 

 

69.  The heaviest drinkers are of little consequence to the sales and profitability of the alcohol beverage industry.

 

 

 

70.  Blacks are more likely to report drinking than Hispanics or Whites.

 

 

 

71.  People with college degrees are less likely to drink.

 

 

 

72.  People in the two highest income brackets are more likely to drink than those in the lowest income group.

 

 

 

73.  Youths drink more than the elderly.

 

 

 

74.  The use of government authority to restrict commerce and choice in the name of enhancing safety is universally accepted and approved in the U.S.

 

 

 

75.  The threshold for intervention by government should rightly be lower than the threshold for intervention by employers and friends.

 

 

 

76.  The individualistic perspective was suggested by President Kennedy when he stated, “ask not what your country can do for you – ask what you can do for your country.”

 

 

 

77.  A negative externality occurs when effects are harmful.

 

 

 

78.  Self – Management is a costly and imperfect craft, and some people are better at it than others.

 

 

 

79.  The “moral hazard” effect is an intended and desired consequence of harm reduction.

 

 

 

80.  The cost of illness (COI) method is generally preferred over the willingness to pay (WTP) by economists for translating injury and death into dollars.

 

 

 

81.  Our willingness to pay for enhanced safety for ourselves and loved ones comprises the entire picture since we have no financial stake in the health and safety of strangers.

 

82.  Individual production and consumption are consistent and remain the same over life course.

 

 

 

83.  Alcohol is currently under-taxed and in some respects under-regulated.

 

 

 

84.  Taxes and other restrictions on alcohol supply are indiscriminate.

 

 

 

85.  The array of DUI interventions championed by MADD and other advocacy groups has had no effect on DUI incidence and fatality rates.

 

 

 

86.  Alcohol taxes are now too low.

 

 

 

87.  Lower alcohol prices are conducive to lower rates of underage drinking.

 

 

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