True or False Questions – 2 points each
51. The economist Warburton contends that the business, professional, and salaried class sustained their average pre-prohibition alcohol consumption levels throughout prohibition.
52. Jellinek’s designation of alcoholism as a “disease” was a new idea.
53. The AA tenet is that alcoholics are “allergic” to alcohol.
54. The disease label may help to remove the stigma associated with alcoholism.
55. Vaillant noted undergoing detoxification as a marker for those early on the continuum of alcohol related problems.
56. The “flushing response” is common among some African populations.
57. Biology is irrelevant to alcoholism.
58. Inpatient treatment programs are the least costly form of alcoholism treatment.
59. Cognitive behavioral therapy seeks to develop the patient’s coping skills.
60. 12-step facilitation identifies and disputes the patient’s irrational belief system.
61. The drug disulfuran (Antabuse) has proven to be of major therapeutic benefit in curing alcoholism.
62. 3.4% of the adult public is currently dependent by DSM-V definition.
63. Prevention of harmful drinking patterns and alcoholism prevention efforts are unimportant today.
64. Beers are fermented from grains before the starch in them is converted to sugar.
65. Distilled spirits contain between 40% and 50% alcohol.
66. A standard drink of beer (12oz.), wine (5 oz.), or distilled spirits (1.5oz.) provides the same dose of alcohol.
67. Surveys tend to overestimate alcohol consumption by a wide margin.
68. The heaviest drinkers account for the bulk of alcohol consumption.
69. The heaviest drinkers are of little consequence to the sales and profitability of the alcohol beverage industry.
70. Blacks are more likely to report drinking than Hispanics or Whites.
71. People with college degrees are less likely to drink.
72. People in the two highest income brackets are more likely to drink than those in the lowest income group.
73. Youths drink more than the elderly.
74. The use of government authority to restrict commerce and choice in the name of enhancing safety is universally accepted and approved in the U.S.
75. The threshold for intervention by government should rightly be lower than the threshold for intervention by employers and friends.
76. The individualistic perspective was suggested by President Kennedy when he stated, “ask not what your country can do for you – ask what you can do for your country.”
77. A negative externality occurs when effects are harmful.
78. Self – Management is a costly and imperfect craft, and some people are better at it than others.
79. The “moral hazard” effect is an intended and desired consequence of harm reduction.
80. The cost of illness (COI) method is generally preferred over the willingness to pay (WTP) by economists for translating injury and death into dollars.
81. Our willingness to pay for enhanced safety for ourselves and loved ones comprises the entire picture since we have no financial stake in the health and safety of strangers.
82. Individual production and consumption are consistent and remain the same over life course.
83. Alcohol is currently under-taxed and in some respects under-regulated.
84. Taxes and other restrictions on alcohol supply are indiscriminate.
85. The array of DUI interventions championed by MADD and other advocacy groups has had no effect on DUI incidence and fatality rates.
86. Alcohol taxes are now too low.
87. Lower alcohol prices are conducive to lower rates of underage drinking.