Study guide 2 sustainability as a social movement

Reading 1: Anders Edwards Introduction and Chapter One from his book The Sustainability Revolution

Sustainability Revolution

What is happening in the world that gives Anders the impression that a large sustainability revolution is underfoot?

Describe the difference between a Social MOVEMENT and a Social REVOLUTION according to Edwards.
What were the characteristics of the Industrial Revolution?

What have the long term impacts and consequences of the Industrial Revolution on the Environment and on Societies?

Describe the interconnection between the impacts of Industrial Capitalism and the birth of the Sustainability Revolution.
What are the 5 characteristics of the Sustainability Revolution and why are they important for remediating (fixing) the impacts of Industrial Capitalism?

Who were the transcendentalists, naturalists and early environmentalists? How did each of these groups view nature?

What were the 4 ‘dominant concerns’ of pre-sustainability environmentalism and how do those concerns tie in with the Principles found in the Earth Charter and the aims of Sustainability in general?
What was the crucial link made by the U.N. Conference on the Human Environment (1972) that connected the state of the environment to human quality of life concerns?

What were the significent interconnections and concerns laid out in the ‘Brundtland Report’ (also known as Our Common Future – 1987) that form the foundation for the current Sustainability paradigm (worldview, values, principles)?

What were the significant documents produced at the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro and why are they important in promoting Sustainable Development?

What was the major point found in Agenda 21? Is this reasonable in your view? If so, why? If not, why not?

What differences can be noted between the Earth Summit at Rio in 1992 and the Earth Summit at Johannesburg, South Africa in 2002?


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