The Archaic Era-What Influenced the Greece People to Change Their Lifestyle in The Era of Politics?

Introduction

The Archaic Periodof Greece was the periodbetween 800BCand 500BC. It was one of the five periods in which Ancient Greek History can be divided into.  One of the key characteristics of the Archaic era is the politics and the political structures, which were key issues, and alsoinfluencersof the Archaic Society of Greece. Politics in this period was an aspect in which the individuals got engaged in their everyday-to-day life.

In the Archaic Era, there wereadvancementsand changes in the political systems. This was when therewas an introduction of laws into the society by some of the most influential lawgivers such as Solon and Draco. The two were the main lawgivers of the period. The laws determined the type of work people would do, the type of their dressing, the ownership of land,and even the marriage alliances.[1]As aresult of the structures and the laws introduced, the livelihood and ways of behaviors of the society were greatly influenced.[2]The laws became one of the major factors leading to the lifestyle of the Greek population during the entire period. Theywere drafted to also determine the political structures and ways of governance for the Greek society.

The political structure in the Archaic Period commenced with a simple monarchy.  It later proceeded to be astruggle between the Kings and the nobles. As a result, this led to the emergence of the aristocracy, which entailed leaders from racial groups and tribes ruling the city-state. They mainly encouraged colonization, since they believed that it would help in reducing political unrest. According to these leaders, colonization, would also be the answer to land shortages.[3]Nevertheless, as much as it helped in reducing land shortages, it ledto more political unrests, rather than reducing them.  The wealth of therulingaristocrats was based on the land they possessed rather than trade which was becoming important in this era.  This hence made them fail to participate in trade, unlike the emerging middleclass of merchantsand traders.

As the middle-classmerchantsand the traders started gettingwealthier, they begancommanding for their share of political power from the aristocrats.  Therewas hence a growing form of socialpressure, which led to theemergence of tyrants, mainly the traders.  However, the tyrannies were short-lived, since they did not have anyofficialposition.[4] Their enduring tyrannies at this period ended up becoming authoritarian, especially in the later generations. This is a depiction that trade was also a vital factor that influenced the way of living for the Greek society in the Archaic period since it led to the development of a new class and ideas.

Conclusion

Leadership was a major factor that changed the way of living of the Greek Society in theArchaic society. It evolved to varying political systems of governance. There was hencealteration of Greekpoliticiansin this era, which was necessitated by the creation of a political hierarchythatwas necessary for the social structure of the society. The political structure in this era was monumental in that it reflectedeveryday life, which led to Greek prospering throughout the Archaic Period. Despite the changes in political structure, the social stability of the Greek community remained, leading to a period of prosperity in trade.

 

 

 

 

 

Bibliography

Ehrenberg, Victor. From Solon to Socrates: Greek History and Civilization during the 6th and 5th Centuries BC. Routledge, 2010

Lavelle, Brian M. Archaic Greece: The Age of New Reckonings. John Wiley & Sons, 2019.

Canevaro, Mirko. “The rule of law as the measure of political legitimacy in the Greek city states.” Hague Journal on the Rule of Law 9, no. 2 (2017): 211-236.

 

 

[1]Ehrenberg, Victor. From Solon to Socrates: Greek History and Civilization during the 6th and 5th Centuries BC. Routledge, 2010

[2].Lavelle, Brian M. Archaic Greece: The Age of New Reckonings. John Wiley & Sons, 2019.

 

[3]Canevaro, Mirko. “The rule of law as the measure of political legitimacy in the Greek city states.” Hague Journal on the Rule of Law 9, no. 2 (2017): 211-236.

[4] Ibid

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