Psychology

Question 71  1 / 1 point
The feeling of being in love is attributed to:
Question options:
a)  subjective consciousness.
b)  objective consciousness.
c)  psychic consciousness.
d)  intelligence.

Question 72  1 / 1 point
The limited capacity to process information that is under conscious control refers to:
Question options:
a)  encoding.
b)  reasoning.
c)  chunking.
d)  attention.

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Question 73  1 / 1 point
Susanne is in an unresponsive condition though she can open her eyes. This suggests that she is in a ________ state.
Question options:
a)  hemiplegic
b)  quadriplegic
c)  vegetative
d)  catatonic

Question 74  1 / 1 point
Which of the following tests is used to study sustained attention?
Question options:
a)  Raven’s Progressive Matrices Test
b)  Stanford-Binet Test
c)  Continuous Performance Test (CPT)
d)  Stroop Test

Question 75  1 / 1 point
Which of the following is true?
Question options:
a)  The less hippocampal activation shown during high-wave sleep, the worse the person performs on the task the next day.
b)  The more hippocampal activation shown during high-wave sleep, the better the person performs on the task the next day.
c)  The more hippocampal activation shown during slow-wave sleep, the better the person performs on the task the next day.
d)  The more hippocampal activation shown during slow-wave sleep, the worse the person performs on the task the next day.

Question 76  1 / 1 point
EEG studies of people suffering from narcolepsy reveal:
Question options:
a)  protracted REM sleeping patterns.
b)  absence of sleep spindles.
c)  abnormality in sleep spindles.
d)  normal REM sleeping patterns.

Question 77  1 / 1 point
Why are women more likely to be affected by insomnia?
Question options:
a)  They are more prone to sleep less than two to four hours a day for two weeks or more.
b)  Women are more likely to consume alcohol.
c)  They are less likely to cope with medical conditions.
d)  They are more likely to be iron deficient.

Question 78  1 / 1 point
Which of the following holds true with regard to hypnosis?
Question options:
a)  Hypnotized people are in reality awake.
b)  Hypnotized people have voluntary control over their own behavior.
c)  Hypnotized people are in reality asleep.
d)  Hypnotized people retain critical faculties of mind.

Question 79  1 / 1 point
What did research by neuroscientist Amir Raz and colleagues reveal?
Question options:
a)  Highly hypnotizable people had more activity in the areas of the brain that normally process word meaning
b)  Less hypnotizable people were able to suppress the Stroop effect
c)  Highly hypnotizable people had less activity in the areas of the brain that normally process word meaning
d)  Both the highly hypnotizable and less hypnotizable people could remain resistant and show the same activity in the areas of the brain that normally process word meaning,

Question 80  1 / 1 point
A synthesized form of the derivative of the grain fungus ergot is:
Question options:
a)  cocaine.
b)  LSD.
c)  marijuana.
d)  ecstasy.

Question 81  1 / 1 point
The legally permitted limit for the amount of alcohol consumption in the United States is ________ BAC.
Question options:
a)  0.1
b)  0.08
c)  0.05
d)  0.03

Question 82  1 / 1 point
If one hires a mathematician to change tires, what is the employer doing?
Question options:
a)  Promoting one’s strengths
b)  Giving them a projective test
c)  Not harnessing one’s strengths
d)  Encouraging one’s organizational citizenship
Question 83 1 / 1 point
Which of the following is true as it relates IQ tests and selecting employees.
Question options:
a)  IQ tests are strong predictors of job satisfaction
b)  IQ tests are best used to predict employee productivity in highly specialized jobs like medical personnel, military, and private industry
c)  IQ tests are good for predicting the productivity of employees who require considerable time to learn job skills
d)  IQ tests are strong predictors of employee productivity in jobs requiring little skill
Question 84  1 / 1 point
When employees are appraised positively for friendliness and not on work productivity, it is safe to say the appraisal contains this type of bias?
Question options:
a)  Leniency bias
b)  Halo bias
c)  Severity bias
d)  Recency bias
Question 85  1 / 1 point
Penny has advanced social skills, is highly optimistic about her future, and a very attractive young lady. What profession does she have a chance of being successful?
Question options:
a)  Dentistry
b)  College professor
c)  Military
d)  Entrepreneur

Question 86  1 / 1 point
Which of the following is a behavioral approach to conserving natural resources?
Question options:
a) Reducing one’s gas bill for conservation practices
b) Giving one a cash rebate for buying an auto hybrid
c) Getting paid for recycling aluminum cans and bottles
d) All of the above
Question 87  1 / 1 point
Defendants who have which of the following are at greater risk of being convicted, independent of the factors of the case.
Question options:
a) Minority ethnic group stats
b) Blue collar worker
c) Uneducated
d) All of the above
Question 88  1 / 1 point
Many prehistoric cultures had ______________ that treated mental disorders by performing rituals to drive out the evil spirits that were thought to be the causes of such disorders.
Question options:
a)  shamans
b)  laggards
c)  hunters
d)  chiefs
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Question 89  1 / 1 point
Question options:
a)  examines how thought and behavior change and show stability across the life span.
b)  considers what makes people unique as well as the consistencies in people’s behavior across time and situations.
c)  focuses on the treatment of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders.
d)  considers how the real or imagined presence of others influences thought, feeling, and behavior.
Question 90  1 / 1 point
Common sense, rather than the scientific method, is used by:
Question options:
a)  folk psychologists.
b)  clinical psychologists.
c)  research psychologists.
d)  social psychologists.
Question 91  1 / 1 point
Developmental psychology explores:
Question options:
a)  how we perceive information, how we learn and remember, how we acquire and use language, and how we solve problems.
b)  the links among brain, mind, and behavior.
c)  the relationship between bodily systems and chemicals and their relationship to behavior and thought.
d)  how thought and behavior change and show stability across the life span.
Question 92  1 / 1 point
Psychology is most accurately defined as the _____________.
Question options:
a) study of people in terms of large-scale social forces and with a focus on groups rather than individuals
b) scientific study of human culture and origins
c) scientific study of thought and behavior .
d) study of people through description and analysis of past events and artifacts
Question 93  1 / 1 point
Psychoanalysis assumes that the unconscious blocking, or repression, of disturbing thoughts and impulses—especially ______________ impulses—is at the heart of all maladaptive adult behavior.
Question options:
a)  sexual and aggressive
b)  illogical and depressive
c)  depressive and unethical
d)  aggressive and unethical
Question 94  1 / 1 point
______________ psychologists strive to understand people who are psychologically healthy, happy, and compassionate.
Question options:
a)  Cognitive
b)  Developmental
c)  Clinical
d)  Positive
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Question 95  1 / 1 point
What modern view of psychological disorders developed at the end of the 1800s?
Question options:
a)  Psychological disorders have an underlying physical cause and thus should be treated by physical means.
b)  Psychological disorders are actually thought disorders, rather than instances of spirit possession caused by witchcraft.
c)  Psychological disorders are mood disorders and should be treated by psychoanalysis.
d)  Psychological disorders are a form of illness that should be diagnosed and treated.
Question 96  1 / 1 point
In which of the following approaches to psychology was introspection the primary research method used to understand thoughts and behavior?
Question options:
a)  Psychophysics
b)  Structuralism
c)  Empiricism
d)  Behaviorism
Question 97  1 / 1 point
Which of the following terms refers to inherited solutions to ancestral problems that have been naturally selected because they directly contribute in some way to reproductive success?
Question options:
a)  Circular logrolling
b)  Differential selection
c)  Adaptation
d)  Satisficing
Question 98  1 / 1 point
As compared to babies of uninfected mothers, babies whose mothers fought off infectious diseases when they were pregnant were _____________.
Question options:
a)  less likely to engage in peer conflicts as children
b)  more likely to develop schizophrenia
c)  less likely to develop major a depressive disorder
d)  more likely to develop advanced language skills
Question 99  1 / 1 point
According to the nature-only view, who we are comes from:
Question options:
a)  environmental forces.
b)  introspection and analysis.
c)  our experiences.
d)  inborn tendencies and genetically based traits.
Question 100  1 / 1 point
In psychology, the idea that the mind and the body are separate entities is referred to as:
Question options:
a)  nature through nurture.
b)  mind-body dualism.
c)  evolutionary theory.
d)  cogito ergo sum.
Question 101  1 / 1 point
Which of the following questions is most likely to be answered by a personality psychologist?
Question options:
a)  At what age does usage of Internet social networks peak?
b)  How much of people’s personalities is reflected in their Facebook profiles?
c)  Will people above the age of sixty use the Internet?
d)  Does gender affect interest and participation in social networking sites?
Question 102  1 / 1 point
Anna is conducting research to find out if people who interact extensively with other people via Facebook are more or less outgoing than those who do not. Anna is most likely a ______________ psychologist.
Question options:
a)  personality
b)  clinical
c)  health
d)  social
Question 103  1 / 1 point
____________ sciences study the world of stars, light, waves, atoms, the earth, compounds, and molecules.
Question options:
a)  Environmental
b)  Biological
c)  Physical
d)  Social
Question 104  1 / 1 point
Which of the following is NOT a basic process of the scientific method?
Question options:
a)  Testing
b)  Interpreting
c)  Falsifying
d)  Observing
Question 105  1 / 1 point
In a(n) ____________, the answers are often open-ended and not constrained by the researcher.
Question options:
a)  interview
b)  case study
c)  questionnaire
d)  survey
Question 106  1 / 1 point
In the fourth step of the scientific method, scientists use mathematical techniques to ____________ the results and determine whether they are significant and closely fit the prediction or not.
Question options:
a)  test
b)  interpret
c)  observe
d)  predict
Question 107 1 / 1 point
A ____________ is a specific, informed, and testable prediction of what kind of outcome should occur under a particular condition.
Question options:
a)  hypothesis
b)  theory
c)  replication
d)  variable
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Question 108  1 / 1 point
In correlational designs, the basic question is:
Question options:
a)  Is X related to Y?
b)  What is variable X?
c)  What is X an example of?
d)  How does X result in Y?
Question 109  1 / 1 point
What is important while interpreting correlations?
Question options:
a)  Correlation is necessary and sufficient for causation.
b)  Variable X is correlated with variable Y. Hence X causes Y.
c)  A correlation does not mean there is a causal relationship between the two variables.
d)  When one variable causes another, it is not necessarily correlated with it.
Question 110  1 / 1 point
The ____________ variable is the outcome, or response to the experimental manipulation.
Question options:
a)  dependent
b)  experimental
c)  categorical
d)  predictor
Question 111  1 / 1 point
Dr. Bischer is conducting a study to determine if men who wear a new type of soccer uniform made from a specially designed fabric will perform better in soccer matches. She recruits a professional soccer team to participate. She randomly assigns half of the men to wear the new-material uniforms made in the color blue and the other half to wear old-material uniforms made in the color red. Although the men know of the uniform test, they are not told which of the uniforms is made from the new material. They are asked to wear their assigned uniforms and score as many goals as possible in a practice game against one another. Dr. Bischer is noting the number of goals scored. Ultimately, the men who are wearing the old uniforms score more goals and therefore win the game. Dr. Bischer speculates that the new uniforms are not more beneficial to performance than the old uniforms, but she will rerun her study a few more times.
From a scientific viewpoint, why was it important for Dr. Bischer to randomly assign the men to wear new uniforms or old uniforms?
Question options:
a)  Some of the men who could not participate that day were then used as a control group, and she wanted to make sure she had an even number of new and old uniforms left over.
b)  She wanted the men to feel they all had a chance of wearing their old uniforms, in which they would likely be more comfortable.
c)  She wanted to ensure that the two groups were, on average, similar in ability and motivation, so that any differences in the end would be due to the experimental manipulation.
d)  Some of the men will feel it was unfair that they did not get new uniforms and will not be motivated to be competitive—in this case, therefore, the uniform assigned was simply the luck of the draw.
Question 112  1 / 1 point
Clients undergoing treatment for phobic disorder agree to participate in a clinical trial of a new antidepressant medication. The clients are randomly divided into two groups. Both receive pills to take on a daily basis, but only one of the groups receives pills with the newly produced, active ingredients. The other group’s pills contain no active ingredients. In this study, the group that receives the pills that do not contain the active ingredients is called a(n) ____________.
Question options:
a)  control group
b)  sham-operated group
c)  treatment group
d)  experimental group
Question 113  1 / 1 point
The tool used to assess thought or behavior is called a ____________.
Question options:
a)  sample space
b)  subset
c)  measure
d)  non-empty set
Question 114  1 / 1 point
____________ allow us to determine how likely it is that two or more samples came from the same population.
Question options:
a)  Inferential statistics
b)  Descriptive statistics
c)  Statistical inferences
d)  Predictive inferences
Question 115  1 / 1 point
The ____________ is the number of times a particular score occurs in a set of data.
Question options:
a)  percentile
b)  frequency
c)  variance
d)  standard deviation
Question 116  1 / 1 point
Which of the following is true of Stanley Milgram’s famous study of obedience?
Question options:
a)  It showed how psychologists chose to manipulate theories to suit their conclusions.
b)  It explained many aspects of learner-teacher interactions.
c)  Although it yielded powerful results, it placed great distress on participants.
d)  It showed how people are quick to make judgments about groups.
Question 117  1 / 1 point
When does an individual attain a flow state?
Question options:
a)  When he/she thrives in his/her ability to rise to the occasion of challenging tasks.
b)  When he/she is able to maintain focused awareness on a target.
c)  When he/she is barely awake or aware but shows some deliberate movements.
d)  When he/she recollects material that is potentially accessible but not currently available to awareness.
Question 118  1 / 1 point
Which of the following describes the interrelation of concentration and attention?
Question options:
a)  the cognitive load theory
b)  the global workspace model
c)  the perceptual load model
d)  Baddeley’s model
Question 119  1 / 1 point
When an individual engages in synchronization, he/she:
Question options:
a)  has a conscious experience.
b)  has a subconscious experience.
c)  hallucinates.
d)  becomes unconscious.
Question 120  1 / 1 point
The body’s biological clock is located in the:
Question options:
a)  thalamus.
b)  pineal gland.
c)  hypothalamus.
d)  pituitary gland.
Question 121  1 / 1 point
How many stages are there to non-REM sleep?
Question options:
a)  four
b)  three
c)  five
d)  six
Question 122  1 / 1 point
Why does sleep enhance learning and memory?
Question options:
a)  It increases hormonal growth in the brain.
b)  It increases polyclonal response in the brain.
c)  It increases humoral growth in the brain.
d)  It increases neural growth in the brain.
Question 123  1 / 1 point
Which of the following is released in the brain when one feels sociable and affectionate?
Question options:
a)  endorphin
b)  dopamine
c)  estrogen
d)  serotonin
Question 124  1 / 1 point
Which of the following is considered a field of applied psychology?
Question options:
a)  Organizational psychology
b)  Human factors psychology
c)  Personnel psychology
d)  All of the above
Applied Psychology: Personnel Psychology
Question 125  1 / 1 point
Which of the following assessment tools is considered a primary means of evaluating job applicants and a stronger predictor of productivity?
Question options:
a)  Structured interviews
b)  Projective tests
c)  Unstructured interviews
d)  Handwriting tests
Question 126  1 / 1 point
When appraisal ratings are based on the employee’s most current performance and not performance throughout the year, it is possible that the appraisal may have contained what?
Question options:
a)  Halo biases
b)  Leniency biases
c)  Recency biases
d)  Severity biases
Question 127  1 / 1 point
Of the following employees, who is most likely “job satisfied?”
Question options:
a)  Avery: has not missed a day of work but is unproductive
b)  Pete: has missed ten days of work and experienced one accident that kept him out of the work environment for ten days
c)  Jim: has not missed a day of work in the last 3 years and has not experienced a work related accident
d)  Bellamy: has missed two weeks and wants to resign from the job
Question 128  1 / 1 point
Which of the following characteristics is associated with job satisfaction?
Question options:
a) Low absenteeism
b) An increase in productivity
c) Experiences fewer work related accidents
d) All of the choices are characteristics associated with job satisfaction
Question 129  1 / 1 point
Jerry has difficulty reading the dashboard controls on his new car.  According to a human factors psychologist, Jerry has a problem with _______________.
Question options:
a)  voice effects
b)  intelligence tests
c)  simulated tasks
d)  usability
Question 130  1 / 1 point
Environmental psychologists have identified “at risk” behaviors among persons from developing countries.  Which of the following are “at risk” behaviors?
Question options:
a)  They exhaust planet resources and do not replace them
b)  They display poor agricultural techniques
c)  They pollute water supplies
d)  All of the above

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