Information-processing approach

1.What is attention? What are four ways attention can be allocated?

2.How does attention develop in childhood and adolescence?

3.Imagine that you are an elementary school teacher and a child is having difficulty sustaining attention on a learning task. What strategies would you try to use to help the child sustain attention?

Ms. Parks wants her students to know their basic math facts without having to stop to think about them. Therefore, Ms. Parks plays many math games with her second-grade students, such as addition and subtraction bingo, math bees, and card games. What is Ms. Parks’ goal in playing these games with her students?

a. to help her students to develop automaticity in knowing their math facts

b. to encourage strategy construction

c. to foster encoding skills d. to improve metacognitive skills, such as self-awareness

1. Information processing is most closely aligned with a. behaviorism b. cognitive psychology c. social cognitive theory d. ecological theory

2. According to the information-processing approach, a 15-year-old can compute faster than a 10-year-old because the

a. 15-year-old’s brain has had more time to develop, and the 15-year-old has had more experience working with numbers

b. 15-year-old has had more experiences of both positive and negative reinforcement c. 15-year-old’s brain has lost many of its original connections and undergone demyelinization

d. 15-year-old has had much more time to develop rote memory skills

Solution:

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