Financial accounting

Companies that use debt in their capital structure are said to be using financial leverage. Using leverage can increase shareholder returns, but leverage also increases the risk that shareholders bear. Consider the following case:

Universal Exports Inc. is a small company and is considering a project that will require \$650,000 in assets. The project will be financed with 100% equity. The company faces a tax rate of 25%. What will be the ROE (return on equity) for this project if it produces an EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) of \$140,000?

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16.15%  12.11%  11.30%  13.73%   Determine what the project’s ROE will be if its EBIT is –\$40,000. When calculating the tax effects, assume that Universal Exports Inc. as a whole will have a large, positive income this year.

-5.06%   -4.37%   -4.6%    -4.14% Universal Exports Inc. is also considering financing the project with 50% equity and 50% debt. The interest rate on the company’s debt will be 13%. What will be the project’s ROE if it produces an EBIT of \$140,000?   18.05%   22.56%   25.94%   19.18% What will be the project’s ROE if it produces an EBIT of –\$40,000 and it finances 50% of the project with equity and 50% with debt? When calculating the tax effects, assume that Universal Exports Inc. as a whole will have a large, positive income this year.

-22.78%    -20.88%   -18.98%   -19.93% The use of financial leverage    the expected ROE,    the probability of a large loss, and consequently    the risk borne by stockholders. The greater the firm’s chance of bankruptcy, the    its optimal debt ratio will be.    manager is more likely to use debt in an effort to boost profits.

Use the Financial information is presented below to determine the Gross Profit:  Operating expenses \$ 40,000  Sales revenue 200,000  Cost of goods sold 150,000  a. \$160,000.

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