Lasting Impressions CompanyLasting Impressions Company is a medium-sized commercial printer of promotional advertising brochures, booklets, and other direct-mail pieces. the firm’s major clients are ad agencies based in New York and Chicago. The typical job is characterized by high quality and production runs of more than 50,000 units. LI has not been able to compete effectively with larger printers because of its existing older, inefficient presses. The firm is currently having problems meeting run length requirements as well as meeting quality standards in a cost-effective manner. The general manager has proposed the purchase of a new press would enable LI to reduce its cost of labor and therefore the price to the client, putting the firm in a more competitive position. The key financial characteristics of the old press and of the two proposed presses are summarized in what follows.Old Press> Originally purchased 3 years ago at an installed cost of $400,000, it is being depreciated under MACRS using a 5-year recovery period. The old press has a remaining economic life of 5 years. It can be sold today to net $420,000 before taxes; if it is retained, it can be sold to net$150,000 before taxes at the end of 5 years.Press A This highly automated press can be purchased for $830,000 and will require $40,000 in installation costs. it will be depreciated under MACRS using a 5-year recovery period. At the end of 5 years, the machine could be sold to net $400,000 before taxes. If this machine is required, it is anticipated that the current account changes shown in the following table would result.Cash +$25,400Accounts receivable + 120,000Inventories – 20,000Accounts payable + 35,000
Press B This press is not as sophisticated as press A. It costs $640,000 and requires $20,000 in installation costs. It will be depreciated under MACRS using a 5-year recovery period. At the end of 5 years, it can be sold to net $330,000 before taxes. Acquisition of this press will have no effect on the firm’s net working capital investment.The firm estimates that its earnings before depreciation, interest, and taxes with the old press and with press A or press B for each of the 5 years would be as shown in the table at the top of the next page. The firm is subject to a 40% tax rate. The form’s cost of capital, r, applicable to the proposed replacement is 14%.Earnings before Depreciation, Interest, and Taxes for Lasting Impressions Company’s PressesYear Old Press Press A Press B1 $120,000 $250,000 $210,0002 120,000 270,000 210,000 3 120,000 300,000 210,0004 120,000 330,000 210,0005 120,000 370,000 210,000To DoA. For each of the two proposed replacement presses, determine:(1) Initial Investment.(2) Operating cash inflow. (Note: Be sure to consider the depreciation in year 6.)(3) Terminal cash flow. (Note: This is at the end of year 5.)B. Using the data developed in part a, find and depict on a time line the relevant cash flow stream associated with each of the two proposed replacement presses, assuming that each is terminated at the end of 5 years.C Using the data developed in part b, apply each of the following decision techniques:(1) Payback period. (Note: For year 5, use only the operating cash inflows that is, exclude terminal cash flow when making this calculation.)(2) Net present value (NPV).(3) Internal rate of return (IRR).
E. Recommend which, if either, of the presses the firm should acquire if the firm has (1) unlimited funds or (2) capital rationing.
F. The operating cash flows associated with press A are characterized as very risky in contrast to the low-risk operating cash inflows of press B. What impact does that have on your recommendation?
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