1.What is the nature of Vygotsky’s theory? How can Vygotsky’s theory be applied to education and his theory compared to Piaget’s? What is a criticism of Vygotsky’s theory?
2.Do you consider yourself to be a formal operational thinker? Do you still sometimes feel like a concrete operational thinker? Give examples.
3.What is language? Describe these five features of spoken language: phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics.
Which of the following is the best example of the use of the whole-language approach in teaching reading?
a. Ms. Tillman uses flash cards to help her students develop their sight vocabulary.
b. Ms. Muhammad’s students are immersed in literature. They read various types of literature and write about what they have read.
c. Ms. Orton uses a phonics workbook to help her students develop their decoding skills.
d. Ms. Wade’s students use a computer game to practice their reading skills. A character says a word, and the student clicks on the correct printed word.