Cognitive approaches to reading

1.What are the key ideas in cognitive approaches to reading?

2.What are the important features of social constructivist approaches to reading?

3.What would be some of the key considerations in a balanced view of teaching reading?

Mr. Madison wants his students to know the names of all of the states in the United States. To help them remember, he teaches them a song in which each state name is sung in alphabetical order. Most of his students learn the song with relative ease. They even sing the song to themselves when he gives them a quiz that requires them to write down the name of each state. However, when he gives them blank U.S. maps to fill in with state names, his students cannot complete them successfully. Why were they able to remember the names of the states, but not their locations?

a. Mnemonic devices, such as the song Mr. Madison taught his students, are not effective for memorizing material.

b. Mnemonic devices, such as the song Mr. Madison taught his students, increase the likelihood of cue-dependent forgetting.

c. Mnemonic devices, such as the song Mr. Madison taught his students, increase the serial position effect.

d. Mnemonic devices, such as the song that Mr. Madison taught his students, involve rote memorization and do not generalize to other memory tasks.

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