Behavioural psychology

Elena went to see a counselor at the University Counseling Center because she was having trouble adjusting to school. Elena’s main problem was that she was unsure of herself and didn’t know what to say to people she met at parties or other gatherings. Instead, she said things that sounded stupid to her. The counselor decided to use DRA. He would let Elena practice appropriate social skills in role-plays in their counseling sessions and reinforce Elena’s social skills with praise and positive feedback. He would withhold praise and positive feedback when Elena acted unsure of herself or said things that sounded stupid and would provide corrective feedback instead. Elena role-played talking to people as if she were in the cafeteria. After three sessions, she increased her social skills in the role-plays. The counselor thought Elena was doing so well that she did not need to come in and work on her social skills anymore. The counselor wished her luck and said good-bye.

a. What is the problem with the use of DRA in this example?

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b. Describe what you would have done differently to make DRA more effective.

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