Alcohol in society

  1. The public response to excessive drinking has been a mix of two general approaches:
    1. Directly reduce drinking + restrict availability/raise prices
    2. Indirectly reduce drinking + increase availability
    3. Directly reduce drinking + lower price
    4. None of the above

 

 

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  1. Early in U.S. history, Alexander Hamilton proposed a ____________ to decrease heavy drinking
    1. Prohibition
    2. A whiskey tax
    3. Abstinence
    4. None of the above

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Dr. E. M. Jellinek was a researcher that:
    1. Is considered the godfather of the alcoholism movement
    2. Identified small portions of the population vulnerable to alcohol
    3. Suggested that someone with the innate propensity for alcoholism would actually develop the disease depends in part on living in an alcohol wet or dry environment
    4. All of the above

 

 

 

 

 

  1.  Drinkers are:
    1. Better educated, richer, less ambivalent
    2. Poorly educated, poorer, ambivalent
    3. Exactly the same
    4. None of the above

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Federal funding for research and treatment of alcoholism expanded and became institutionalized with the creation of :
    1. Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)
    2. National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse (NIAAA)
    3. Narcotics Anonymous (NA)
    4. None of the above

 

 

 

  1. Today, the “neo-prohibitionist” label suggests people that:
    1. Are moralistic and naïve
    2. Seek to reduce alcohol abuse by advocating controls on supply and higher taxes
    3. Promote deregulation
    4. Both a and b

 

 

 

 

 

  1. At the time of the Civil War liquor was used for:
    1. Drinking
    2. Fluid for lamps
    3. Industrial products
    4. All of the above

 

 

 

 

 

  1. The national prohibition was popularly known as the:
    1. Volstead Act
    2. Wilson Act
    3. Webb-Kenyon Act
    4. Reed Act

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Enforcement of the Volstead Act was done by:
    1. Congress
    2. President
    3. Treasury Department
    4. Homeland Security

 

 

 

 

 

  1. The class of people that maintained the same level of drinking throughout Prohibition was:
    1. Middle and Upper class
    2. Working class
    3. Poor
    4. None of the above

 

 

 

 

 

  1. The most successful self-help organization of our time is:
    1. Alcoholics Anonymous
    2. Narcotics Anonymous
    3. Al-Anon
    4. Marijuana Anonymous

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. E. Morton Jellinek:
    1. Identified 5 varieties of alcoholism
    2. Wrote “The Disease Concept of alcoholism”
    3. Offered a science-based understanding of alcoholism
    4. All of the above

 

 

 

 

 

  1. ______________ was another proponent of the disease model who suggested that uncontrolled, maladaptive ingestion of alcohol is not a disease in the sense of a biological disorder; rather alcoholism is a disorder of behavior:
    1. George Vaillant
    2. E.M. Jellinek
    3. Stanton Peele
    4. Herb Finagarette

 

 

 

 

 

  1. The case for a genetic basis to alcoholism is strengthened by the observation:
    1. Identical twins are more alike with respect to the presence or absence of alcoholism than are fraternal twins
    2. Fraternal twins are more alike with respect to the presence or absence of alcoholism than are identical twins
    3. Identical and fraternal twins are equally alike with respect to the presence of alcoholism
    4. Identical and fraternal twins are equally alike with respect to the absence of alcoholism

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Project Match was an evaluation study that:
    1. Involved a 12 week period of individual outpatient sessions
    2. Randomly assigned patients to 1 of 3 approaches
    3. Evaluated cognitive-behavioral, motivational enhancement, and 12 step facilitation therapies
    4. All of the above

 

 

 

 

 

  1. An intrinsic limitation to the medical approach is that:
    1. It is not only alcoholics that cause and suffer abuse by their drinking
    2. No treatment requires voluntary compliance
    3. Prevention drugs are always effective
    4. All of the above

 

 

 

  1. From a population-health perspective:
    1. Data on overall alcohol sales is irrelevant
    2. Data on the entire distribution of consumption is of interest
    3. Neither abstinence or heavy drinking have health implications
    4. All of the above
  2. Generally, it is easier to estimate ____________ consumption with some degree of accuracy
    1. Individual
    2. The distribution of individual drinking
    3. Aggregate
    4. None of the above

 

 

 

 

 

  1. The 2001-2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) provided an estimate of pro capita consumption that vis about __________ of recorded pro capita sales:
    1. Half
    2. Double
    3. Equal
    4. None of the above

 

 

 

 

 

  1. The prevalence of drinking peaks in the early ________ for both males and females:
    1. Teens
    2. 20’s
    3. 30’s
    4. 40’s

 

 

 

 

 

  1. In classical liberal thought, a choice is of greater public concern if the resulting harm is to:
    1. The person making the choice
    2. Bystanders
    3. Society overall
    4. Both a and b

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Public health stands closer to a __________ ethic of social justice
    1. Communitarian
    2. Individualistic
    3. Liberal
    4. Conservative

 

 

 

 

 

  1. A wide array of experiments document that ____________ of consequence occurrence  seems to contradict the presumption of a rational choice
    1. Severity
    2. Timing
    3. Order
    4. Lack
  2. The liberal tradition embodied in the harm principle claims to promote the greatest good by:
    1. Leaving the adult individual free to make his own choices as long as others are not harmed
    2. Promoting improvement of choices by government regulation
    3. Denies the intrinsic value of freedom
    4. None of the above

 

 

 

  1. Information provision includes:
    1. Warning labels on alcoholic beverages
    2. Public service ads on television and radio
    3. Alcohol curriculums in school health classes
    4. All of the above

 

 

 

  1. The Willingness to Pay (WTP) method contends:
    1. The value of a persons life and health is measured by the value placed on enjoying a safe environment
    2. Enjoyment is subjective and involves decisions that require judgment about the value of small increases or reductions in the probability of death
    3. Both a and b
    4. Neither a or b

 

 

 

  1. The beer industry contends that it:
    1. Directly and indirectly employs approximately 1.78 million Americans with 54 billion in wages and benefits
    2. Has an economic ripple effect that benefits packaging manufacturers, shipping companies, agriculture, and other business’s that depend on it
    3. Both a and b
    4. Neither a or b

 

 

 

 

 

  1. The economist Gary Beaker defined the optimal crime rate as:
    1. Zero crime
    2. The rate associated with a balancing of marginal costs and benefits of law enforcement
    3. Both a and b
    4. Neither a or b

 

 

 

 

 

  1. In reference to alcohol control measures, the federal government:
    1. Licenses and collects excise taxes from importers and manufacturers
    2. Monitors product purity
    3. Polices illegal production and trafficking
    4. All of the above

 

 

 

 

 

  1. In 2005, the Supreme Court ruled that states could ban direct shipment of wine:
    1. For out of state producers only
    2. For in state producers only
    3. For out of state producers only if they did the same for in state producers
    4. None of the above

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Taxes have unique advantages as alcohol-control measures since they:
    1. Help control alcohol abuse and its consequences without a direct restriction on freedom of choice
    2. Provide a possibility for a calibrated response to the cost of alcohol related problems by being set high, low, or anywhere in between
    3. Enhance public revenues
    4. All of the above

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Federal and state excise taxes:
    1. Are unit taxes defined in terms of volume rather than product value
    2. Are paid by the manufacturer or distributor
    3. Have no automatic inflation protection
    4. All of the above

 

 

 

 

 

  1. A number of empirical studies have found that alcohol and marijuana are:
    1. Substitutes
    2. Complements
    3. Not related
    4. All of the above

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Alcohol taxes are “regressive” taxes in that:
    1. On average a larger percentage of the income of poorer households goes to pay this tax than in richer households
    2. On average a smaller percentage of the income of poorer households goes to pay this tax than in richer households
    3. On average the same percentage of the income of poorer households goes to pay this tax than in richer households
    4. None of the above

 

 

 

 

 

  1. A 1985 literature summary concludes:
    1. Most drinkers prefer beer and those drinkers are more likely to drink/drive
    2. Beer is disproportionately preferred by higher risk groups
    3. Both a and b
    4. Neither a or b

 

 

 

 

 

  1. In addition to alcohol control there are two other vital approaches for public intervention:
    1. Time, place, and circumstances + harm reduction
    2. Time, place, and circumstances + abstinence
    3. Alcoholics Anonymous + Disease Model
    4. None of the above

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Harm reduction:
    1. Helps make the world less safe for drunks
    2. Has goal to ease some of the natural consequences of excessive drinking
    3. Demands total abstinence
    4. All of the above

 

 

 

  1. The federal government has pushed for additional restrictions on youthful drinking by:
    1. Requiring campuses and military installations to enforce the minimum legal drinking age laws
    2. Having states adopt zero tolerance for teen drivers
    3. Both a and b

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