Local school board

Question 13

  1. Any successful reform of education will require


the approval of Congress.

funding from the federal   government.

the active participation of the   teachers involved.

the creation of a new body to   oversee the changes.

2 points

Question 14

  1. During recent presidential elections, hundreds of      thousands of educators have been mobilized to support a particular party      platform and the candidate endorsed by that party. Which organization has      been instrumental in influencing the educators to support a particular      candidate?


National Association of School   Boards

National Education Association

Association of Teacher Educators

National Parent Teacher   Association

2 points

Question 15

  1. Which of the following is not listed as a key element      of true school reform as defined by Ryan and Cooper?


Active learning

Lifelong learning

A sense of community

School choice

2 points

Question 16

  1. Authentic assessment grew out of a concern that


student performance was declining   on standardized tests.

the emphasis on standardized test   scores caused a narrow application of lower-order thinking skills.

multiple-choice tests were too   difficult for the majority of students.

students were focusing on   critical-thinking skills and not performing well on competency tests.

2 points

Question 17

  1. Joining the discussion for educational reform with      former President Obama was Steve Jobs of Apple, Inc. His suggestion for      reform included which idea?


The need for more tech schools,   community colleges, and trade schools to teach basic engineering to American   students for skills in manufacturing.

Digitalize all student textbooks,   materials, and assessments, to be interactive and individual to each student.

Treat teachers as professionals

All of the above

2 points

Question 18

  1. The state of Illinois wants to establish a policy      regarding its public education in the twenty-first century. Illinois wants      to create a broad-based policy outlining its priorities and establishing      its goals for the state’s students. Which agency would issue this policy?


The state department of education

The federal Department of Education

The local school boards

The state board of education

2 points

Question 19

  1. Ms. Mildred teaches a fifth-grade class in which she      applies a constructivist approach to learning. What would Ms. Mildred’s      classroom probably look like?


Students sit quietly in their   seats and work independently on worksheets.

Mildred does a lot of whole-class   instruction, presenting lecture-type lessons.

Students make frequent use of   library resources to prepare written reports on various assigned topics in   social studies and science.

Students work on projects in small   groups or independently. There are a lot of hands-on activities.

2 points

Question 20

  1. What effect did the Tenth Amendment to the U.S.      Constitution have upon public education?


The state department of education   was established.

Legal responsibility for school   governance was delegated to the states.

Responsibility for the majority of   funding for public education was assumed by the federal government.

Equal educational opportunity was   guaranteed for all.

2 points

Question 21

  1. A benefit of home education cited by parents that make      this choice is


Students develop the habit of   learning so they are not dependent on instructors

The slower student does not miss   out on foundational skills because the other students are ready to move on

The advanced student is not held   back and made to repeat exercises she has already learned

All of the above

2 points

Question 22

  1. Smaller schools are often a recommended component of      school reform because they


are less expensive to operate.

require a smaller administrative   staff and less cost.

allow for a greater sense of   community within the school.

make it easier to keep track of   books and supplies.

2 points

Question 23

  1. Although much debate revolves around whether schools      should teach values—and if so, which values—character educators maintain      that students


have a moral “Teflon coating” and   absorb little teaching of values.

are constantly and unavoidably   learning values from their teachers, so it would be beneficial to formalize   this instruction in the curriculum.

practice good moral behavior   already and have little need for character education.

have such a narrow focus on   academics that they block out any other instruction.

2 points

Question 24

  1. What is the foundational reason for which school choice      is advocated considering the phrase “parents as educational consumers?”


Free market principles suggest   that “more choice equals more competition equals better products (better   educated students) at lower prices”.

Charter schools are the best   option available in the school choice discussion.

Over and under performing schools   should be provided with the same resources to teach students.

All students should be free to   attend their school of choice.

2 points

Question 25

  1. Which governing body deals mainly with personnel      performance?


Chief State School Officer

Local school board

State board of Education

State Department of Education


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