1. What are the two categories of accessories and principals?
2. How are accessories after the fact treated differently than principals under modern law?
3. How significant must one’s actions be for one to be culpable as an accomplice?
Deciding on Defense
You are a defense attorney whose client is charged with robbery. Your client states that she had formerly planned to rob the victim, her stepaunt, but was not thinking of it when she went to visit her on the day of the crime. That day, she visited to have lunch, they began to fight, and the fight ended when the defendant physically intimidated her stepaunt and stole her jewelry, which was later recovered.
a. Is the element of actus reus p resent?
b. If the jewelry was recovered, is causation still a factor? Why or why not?